When a sceptic asks, “Where is the proof of the existence of Allah?”, it is essential, prior to answering this question, to establish the nature of the evidence the sceptic seeks. Many sceptics about the existence of Allah, let alone atheists and disbelievers, skip the close ,simple and obvious evidences seeking long tangled ways that might not lead to a conclusion. They also might request conditions regarding the proof of the existence of Allah, that are based on their personal taste and preferences rather than systematic criteria and objective standards.
With those, there is no use how many proofs you present, so long as they do not match their personal preferences. In that, they are similar to the Israelites saying to Moses PBUH “O Moses, we will never believe you until we see Allah outright” (Al Baqara 55) . They have restricted proof to physical evidence, an obstinacy inherited by stubborn disbelievers in Allah and His messengers through the ages till our present days.
Meanwhile, if you study proofs and evidences that lead to absolute facts in different areas, you will definitely find they are not restricted to sensory vision. An example of that is our belief in the existence of historical characters such as Plato, Aristotle and Salahuddin Al Ayyubi which is not based on sensory vision or physical evidence, but rather on testimony, one of the sources of knowledge.
Proof of the existence of Allah is so much innate, logical and close, so that our minds can reach so easily; because it is based on a principle that is established in one’s mind, and cannot be overlooked. It is the law of (Impact indicates the influencer). Most atheists practice this principle in their daily lives even though they reject it when it comes to Deity.
The search for influencers, doers, and originators is a matter that people would not abandon unless they had totally lost their minds, as people can never imagine things happening after nothingness without a logical fitting cause.
As the human mind does not accept the presence of a meticulous human image on a blank paper without a skilled cause, it is more likely that this mind will not accept its own existence without a capable knowledgeable maker.
The same applies to all things that occurred after nothingness.
The more complicated and meticulous the creation is, the greater the need to search for the cause that matches this complication and meticulousness. When the human mind sees an occurrence, it does not settle only for the fact that there is a cause. It will also demand that the cause is fitting for the description of the occurrence. Our minds do not accept that an eight-month-old baby for example, can manufacture a computer because of its extremely complex organization, which in its turn requires knowledge, experience and a mature mental ability. Similarly, we cannot accept that the creator of this highly sophisticated universe that follows precise laws, is ignorant or incompetent, let alone non-existent.
Despite the obviousness and simplicity of this issue, many people disregard this clarity and closeness, complicating what should be simplified, and turning what should be easy into a difficult thing by looking for a kind of evidence of the existence of Allah that is not necessary for knowing the actual truth.
I have considered most of the objections and problems brought about in this area, and found that they arise from one of four sources.
One: A defect in the subject of the sources of knowledge and means of acquiring it.
The defect refers to restricting the sources of knowledge into one and disregarding all others.
The major sources of knowledge are reason (the mind), senses (such as vision, touching) and true and trusted testimony. We also acquire primary knowledge through instinct, on which we later base most of our acquired knowledge.
An example of the defect in the sources of knowledge:
If you say to an atheist that our belief in the existence of Allah is based on absolute logical evidence and on instinct, he or she would say that they only trust sensory empirical evidencebuilt on the observation in the lab. And since your evidence does not match, it is not then accepted.
The reason for atheism here is a defect in the subject of the sources of knowledge, accompanied in most cases by arrogance that drives away from the truth, as it is contrary to personal desires (hawa).
Two: Not realizing the evidence of the believers and equating them to the suspicions of the atheists.
Atheists often ridicule the believers’ evidence of the existence of Allah and present it contrary to what it really is. This makes the uninformed think that the evidence of the believers is based on fallacies, dogmatics and rigid conviction, which is not true.
An example is: equating the primary logical law (Impact indicates the influencer) to a ridiculous imaginary hypothesis presented by Bertrand Russell. He compared the possibility of the existence of Allah to the possibility of the existence of a jug in the outer space. No one can prove or disprove it. This is a fallacy that results from equalization between different things. The mentioned jug does not have any impact, while all the universe is an impact of the existence and total control of Allah.
Three: Claiming false conclusions, as they lack the condition of correlation.
One of the conditions of correct deduction is that the conclusion should correlate to the evidence. Using correct evidence to prove a non correlating conclusions is a fallacy used by most atheists, and sceptics of the Sunnah and religious truths.
An example is using the theories and scientific laws that explain the motion of the universe or the initiation of creation to deny the existence of the creator. This deduction lacks correlation as the existence of a law does not negate the existence of a maker for the law itself.
Four: Arrogance and Desire (hawa):
The human mind, unaffected by outer influence, cannot accept the assumption that all this universe is a random result of coincidence. The recognition of the presence of a great, most knowledgeable and capable creator after all this neatness and precision, which is a matter proven by millions of evidences in humans, animals and the universe, is something that human instinct calls for, required by reasoning of mind and aspired for by the human soul. Denial of this matter occurs as a result of many suspicions that contradict sound reasoning and wholesome instincts, along with a combination of arrogance and desire (hawa). These drive a person to be arrogant over submission and surrendering to Almighty Allah.
(Indeed, those who dispute concerning the signs of Allah without [any] authority having come to them – there is not within their hearts except pride, [the extent of] which they cannot reach. So seek refuge in Allah. Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Seeing.) Ghafer 56
Written by: Ahmed Alsayed
Translated by: Ghadah Shaher
Revised by: Zainab salah